Animal populations dispersals and connections

Rock art of ibexThe goal of the project is to examine a range of fossil animal species to evaluate their geographic expansion and the degree to which these populations fragmented or disappeared in the face of environmental change during the Pleistocene and Holocene periods. The studies will take place near the Tayma oasis in the Nefud desert in the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula, and in the Mundafan area in Rub’ al Khali (Empty Quarter). The findings will provide an understanding of the animals that lived in the area and a context for hominin population history. Near Tayma, fossil finds to date have included tortoise, fish, elephant, horse, hippo, camel, giant buffalo and oryx.