Mapping biogeography palaeohydrology and archaeology

Satellite picture of Jubbah palaeolakes

Satellite picture of Jubbah palaeolakes. Picture A shows in blue a digital elevation model (DEM) of the palaeolake at Jubbah. Picture B show the palaeolake sediments appear in varying shades of blue to white; rock outcrops are black, and the sand dunes light yellow. The locations of Middle Paleolithic (MP) sites identified during reconnaissance are shown as red dots

The goal is to develop a series of spatial databases to analyse the relationships between palaeohydrological features, and palaeoclimatic, paleontological, biogeographic, and archaeological site distributions.

Palaeohydrological mapping using satellite imagery and digital topographic data is being undertaken across the entire Arabian Peninsula. Satellite images and digital elevation models (DEM) are being used to reconstruct palaeodrainages and palaeolakes and high resolution satellite imagery, and Google Earth will be used to identify new palaeoenvironmental localities. A geographic information system (GIS) will be used to analyse the relationship between the biogeographic, archaeological and palaeontological distributions.